USTI NAD LABEM (Czech Ústí nad Labem; Ger. Aussig), town in N. Bohemia, Czech Republic. Isolated Jewish families may have settled in the town in the 16th century, but later the German burghers did not permit Jews to live there. Jews returned to the town after 1848. In 1880 there were 30 Jewish families in Usti; 95 families in 1863; and 985 persons in 1930. The first prayer room was established in 1863 and Kultusgemeinde in 1866. A formal congregation was established in 1869 which, in 1888, hired its first rabbi. In the years before World War II, Usti was one of the centers of the Nazi Party (Sudetendeutsche Partei), and Jews were subjected to violence. In the summer and fall of 1938, most Jews left Usti for Prague and other localities. In November 1938, after the Munich agreement, the few Jews that remained in Usti were sent to extermination camps. In 1945–48, most of the German inhabitants were expelled to Germany. After the Soviet annexation of Carpatho-Rus, local Jews opted for Czechoslovakia; many of them settled in the depopulated Suden region. A new Jewish congregation was established in Usti. In 1948 it totaled 800. The congregation continued to exist in the early 21st century. Usti is the native town of artist Ernst Neuschul-Norland (1895–1968), who painted the portrait of the first Czechoslovak president. Another Usti native, Ignatz Petschek, owned the north Bohemian lignite mines. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Stoessler, in: H. Gold, (1934), 19–22; Beitraege zur Heimatkunde des Aussig-Karbitzer Bezirkes (1926); J. Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia (1991). (Yeshayahu Jelinek (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Usti nad Labem — Ústí nad Labem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ústí nad Labem — Ústí nad Labem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ústí nad Labem — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Usti-nad-Labem — Ústí nad Labem Ústí nad Labem Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Usti nad Labem — Ústí nad Labem Ústí nad Labem Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ústí nad labem — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ústí nad Labem — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ústi nad Labem —   [ uːstji nadlabɛm], Stadt in der Tschechischen Republik, Aussig …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ústí nad Labem — Geobox | Settlement name = Ústí nad Labem other name = category = Town image caption = | flag border = 1 symbol = Usti znak.gif etymology = official name = motto = nickname = country = Czech Republic country state = region = Ústí nad Labem region …   Wikipedia

  • Usti nad Labem — Original name in latin st nad Labem Name in other language Aussig, Aussig an der Elbe, Auszig, Usti, Usti nad Labem, Ustina Labe, usti, usti nad labom, stina Labe, st st nad Labem, Усти, Усти над Лабом State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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